The history of agriculture in India dates back to the Indus valley civilization and even earlier in some parts of South India.
In 2014, India — with an eight per cent global share — ranked second in the world in agricultural output. It is known for its agricultural harmony but also battles the scourge of farmers’ suicide.
India is an agrarian country with around 70 per cent of its people depending directly or indirectly on agriculture.
According to the National Crime Records Bureau, at least 2,70,940 Indian farmers have taken their own lives since 1995. This averages to 46 farmer suicides a day.
We at Rediff Labs looked into the reasons leading to farmer suicides in India so that we could make our readers aware of this heartbreaking tragedy.
What makes this project innovative?
We plotted the number of farmer suicides with reasons on a map, where the size of the circle indicated the number of farmer suicides in that particular state.
The color of the circle indicated the main reason behind farmer suicide in the state.
What was the impact of your project? How did you measure it?
Source and methodology
We looked at state-wise data on farmer suicides and found the total number of farmer suicides and the reason behind them. We categorised the data and found the major reasons for farmer suicides in each state.
The data was then visualised on a map with circles. The size of the circle represents the total number of farmer suicides in the state, while the colour indicates the major reason for farmer suicide.
According to the data, the state of Maharashtra leads with 3,032 farmer suicides, followed by Telangana with 1,358 and Karnataka with 1,197.
The major reason behind the farmer suicides in these states is poverty.