Project description

With the journalistic project Corruption’s Memories, it was meant to promote a critical look front to the impunity by the medias of investigation, the analysis of data and the development of digital tools.
It’s about of a special investigation that have an interactive platform of information and public interest about the principal cases of corruption happened in Peru in the last forty years.

Cprruption’s Memories is not only a project that has developed a database but also includes web applications, reports and life stories
It has reportages that account for more than 500 characters involved in acts of corruption and that tells us stories like: "The unknown trail in Panama of Fujimori’s signature forger", "The hidden links of the Odebrecht works supervisor in Peru "and" El Peruano de Odebrecht involved in Lava Jato".
likewise articles that The Peruvian Ministry of Defense and the government had to respond to the citizenship about the case of the Ministry of Defense Kisic before our revelations.
This project has a section denominated “Recovered File” which is a gallery of characters, cases and documents that through a search engine, it facilitates to the reader the search of information to achieve building a database.
Also, it has four reports based in the analysis of the date and two special reports with multimedia related to the topic of corruption for example ‘Shadows of the Pardon’ about the court cases from the ex-president Alberto Fujimori, who is now free. ‘Corruption’s Memories’ is financed by NED.
The findings and impact of the Corruption’s Memories project were presented at the Global Conference on Investigative Journalism held in November in Johannesburg, South Africa. Also, we expressed the project online about the used of the law de access to the information in Latin America organized by the World Forum for the Development of Media (FGMD) and the Gabriel García Márquez Foundation (FNPI).
https://zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_Pnd2_NP3QUGJlFOqr4v10g
This project is the result of the join work and journalists of investigation, data analysis, web designer and developers.

What makes this project innovative?

The innovative aspect of this project is the exercise of memory that has been promoted on the facts of corruption that occurred in the past and that serve as a background to understand the present that the country is facing. We made a historical database about the corruption in which it was advised that the corruption cases, nowadays investigated, were denounced, but finally the investigations were archived.
This project generated a system of reliable, accessible and permanently updated information about the main cases of corruption in Peru in the last decades to promote not only the collective memory but also the critical analysis of citizenship and vigilance citizen against the impact of systemic corruption that affected the development and the quality of life of the Peruvian population.
The Convoca team had the goal to enter in its database more than 50% of the data on cases investigated in Congress. Each input includes the voluminous reports of these commissions of investigations. In addition to this type of documents, each input includes a summary of each character or case that directs a document to deepen the search. All this data is being updated as researchers analyzes the documentation. To promote the exercise of memory contributes to the fight against corruption because it makes visible a problem that is not today’s problems but we are dragging on for decades. We managed to demonstrate the mode of operations and to alert on the subjects that are included in some acts of corruption. From the journalism, we not only contribute to inform but to prevent too.
The corruption is one of the main problems in Peru. Two ex-presidents are investigated, one of them is in prison and a president that has resigned the presidency and it’s accused to receive money from Odebrecht company. This caused a political instability because these millionaire bribes reach up to the financing of electoral campaigns.

What was the impact of your project? How did you measure it?

We contribute to the public debate on the topics related to the project with the publication of our findings and reports, the construction of an unpublished database, the processing of the information of the documents and interviews of the Convoca reporters in the most influential media in the country. Also, we have shared the methodology and learnings in workshops and lectures for hundreds of journalists as well as the interviews of the Convoca team in various national and foreign media. Our ally, the newspaper La República in its web portal records more than 10 million monthly visits. Likewise, it has more than a million and a half followers in both its Facebook and Twitter accounts.
The project Investigate Lava Jato has been incorporated in some publications Corruption Memories has been noted in Knight Foundation publications as well as considered one of the best projects in 2017 by the Global Investigative Journalism Network (GIJN):
https://gijn.org/2018/02/21/best-investigative- stories-latin- america-2017/
Our project has reached more than 80 thousand people from our website and more than 10 million along our allied medias.
The main achievements Corrupction’s Memories had a great impact:
The Prosecutor’s Oficce opened investigations to the characters that we revealed in our report as the case of the supervisor Alpha Consult and the former president of Ositran, Juan Carlos Zevallos.
We contribute to provide evidence for the investigation that the prosecution carries out on the case 'Lava Jato'
We put in the hands of citizens emblematic cases of corruption in the last 40 years in Peru.
This work was recognized with the Grand Prize in the 2017 National Journalism Awards and in the Written Report category. Also, we received the 2017 Journalism and Human Rights Award for our coverage of 'Lava Jato'.
In Peru, no real measures are taken to fight against corruption. This journalistic project is unique and its contribution is valuable in terms of transparency, release of documents and construction of an unpublished database made from the reading, analysis, contrast and verification of voluminous reports of the Congress. It is a meticulous and rigorous investigative work. Achieve stories from an analysis of how corruption operated for a long period and detect patterns that repeat themselves, names that are repeated and strategies that are perfected gives us a sample of the contribution from Journalism to the fight against corruption, the promotion of transparency and citizen vigilance. Making this information available to our readers is an achievement that contributes to its critical analysis of past corruption events that explain the present and pretend to warn of the need to demand a change in the future.
The multidisciplinary work and that symbiosis of traditional reporting with the use of the tools that the internet provides us today and that is at the service of Journalism encourages other colleagues and young students to become interested in getting involved in demanding the delivery of public information using the channels provided by the law of transparency and access to information that are not used by traditional media and by citizens. Precisely young students joined in the task of requesting information in Congress presenting their requests through regular channels.
As well as university students, experts in corruption issues, prosecutors and ex-attorneys also participated.
In sum, a database was built, reports were published and activities were carried out with citizens.



Source and methodology

The documentary source comes by the Congress of the Republic with the reports of the Investigating Commissions. Also, other documentary and human sources are consulted for the verification and verification of the information. We made to use of the law of transparency and access to information.
In the methodology the twenty thousand two hundred twenty million three hundred twenty-four soles of damages for the State were converted into soles according to the exchange rate of the year in which the cases are mentioned. For this, the historical values of the Central Reserve Bank of Peru were taken.
The amount of each of the eight cases was considered corresponds to those that appear in each report of the investigative commissions of the Congress. The consigned numbers in dollars were converted to the current currency in the year in which the events occurred according to the exchange rate of that year.
The amounts consigned in Intis and Soles of Gold (currencies that are no longer in circulation) were converted to current numbers following the established formulas by the Central Reserve Bank.

Technologies Used

In the project Corruption’s Memories we used a framework called FAT FREE
FRAMEWORK https://fatfreeframework.com/3.6/home. This toof works with
papers in html. The papers makes that you put the route in only paper of
configuration and others. Also, this tool realize the use of the logic consults that
it can be a database o another neccesary services. All this, in papers with form
php, so we find a rapidity framework and we use it. Also, the use of styles with
the framework boostrap where it has different types of configuration for the use
in our website and it can be in cellphones, tablets, ipads, laptops.

Project members

Project coordinator: Milagros Salazar.
Reporters: Miguel Gutiérrez, Óscar Libón, Gonzalo Torrico, Claudia Martorellet.
Web development: Víctor Anaya / Melissa Chávez.
Design and illustrations: Orlando Tapia and the collaboration of Rafael Pineda, Rapé (Mexico) in the main illustration of the interactive special about corruption in the last 40 years in Peru.
The documentary record of the corruption cases is made in partnership with the Japiqay civil association, and the journalistic investigations are published simultaneously with the newspaper La República.

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