Reducing child mortality is one of India’s millennium development goals.We at Rediff Labs decided to find out the progress India has made in this direction.The National Health Mission has spearheaded numerous initiatives to battle child mortality.According to the UNICEF, India has made impressive gains in child survival over the last two decades but, at the current pace, the country is unlikely to achieve its stated goal for India is to reduce the child mortality to 25 deaths by 1000 live births. However, the decline in the child mortality rate has consistently improved over the past decade.
What makes this project innovative?
Child mortality is one of the biggest problems faced by developing countries across the world.At Rediff Labs, we analysed the death rate of children under the age of one year in each state of India.The aim was to showcase the extent to which India has succeeded in tackling this problem and underlining what we need to achieve in order to completely eradicate it.In this project, we analysed the data published by the Census of India sample registration statistical report. The latest data available was for the year 2015.
What was the impact of your project? How did you measure it?
The impact is calculated by the number of people read this data article. While 13,084 unique visitors read this data story, the link has been accessed 16,033 times.
Source and methodology
We first mapped the recent numbers on the death rate of children under the age of one for each state and found that it was high in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.We then compared the rural and urban areas of the states to find out where the death rate of children under the age one is high.For this, we considered the available data for five years and calculated the change in the death rate of children from 2011 to 2015.We found that, in the following states -- Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Assam -- the death rate in the rural areas has shot up.In the state of Uttar Pradesh, the death rate of children under the age of one showed an impressive decrease in the urban areas and a shocking increase in the rural areas.In the third part of our study, we analyzed the gender of the children. In order to do so, we created a map that shows the state-wise change in the death rate of male and female children under the age of one. This showed us that, overall, the death rate of children under the age of one has decreased by 7 per cent.
We used MS Excel, R Programming for data analysis and Rediff’s map platform based on OpenStreetMap for data visualization.
Mr.Gagan Bansal helped me to visualize the data on our Rediff map's platform