The press sector in Tunisia is currently experiencing a serious crisis affecting press institutions in all its specialties and the social and economic situation of journalists. Despite the great gain enjoyed by journalists and Tunisian citizens, namely freedom of opinion and expression, some of them do not find space to exercise this right. Several reasons can lead to the presence of several unemployed journalists. But in this article, we wanted to know why women journalists were unemployed exclusively without their male colleagues. We chose an angle that could go beyond economic and political reasons. We asked the following question: is the harassment of women journalists during their work a cause of unemployment?
We asked a total of 120 Tunisian journalists about harassment in the workplace through a standardized questionnaire, which included 25 questions. The questionnaire included female journalists working on radio, in the online press, independent self-employed journalists, or for various stakeholders who communicate with them remotely.
The aim of this project was to prove that harassment of women journalists during their work could lead to unemployment, especially in light of their commitment to silence and not reporting on the harasser, for fear of scandal or loss of employment. And that unemployment is the result of the progressive pressure of the harasser through several methods.
The results of this project proved that the direct president (editor-in-chief, editor-in-chief of the institution) is one of the top list of harassers in the newspaper and that the source of information comes in second place. Also After emptying the answers of female journalists, 25 percent of them were harassed more than once
If the harassers deliberately use their influence against a journalist, it does not stop at the media organization in which they work (including colleagues from the editorial and administrative departments, the owner of the establishment, etc.), but also extend their hands to influence the sources so that the information is concealed and raised Professional confidence, and promote the abuse of eligibility and efficiency, in order to close the doors to them may respond to the pressures of the harasser and comply with his wishes. Twenty-five percent of the journalists reported that they were subjected to a special type of daily pressure after they refused to respond to the harasser, namely, withholding information and manipulating their relations with their source ..
Seventy-five percent of journalists who have been harassed find it hard to tell the truth, although they are convinced that harassment is only shameful and should not be shy.
What makes this project innovative?
What was the impact of your project? How did you measure it?
I had many contacts with local and foreign media to talk about my project. It is important to remember that the subject of the project is presented for the first time in Tunisia.
This link is about my intervention in a local radio, widely listened
Also One of the real jokes I got after publishing, I received many requests from Tunisian male journalists to talk about harassing them too
By virtue of my work as a media and communication officer in the National Union of Tunisian Journalists
Following the publication of the investigation, I received numerous complaints from female journalists who overcame the silence by giving names on the identity of the the harassers
This is a very important step, because even in the questionnaire I prepared, the female journalists did not mention the names of the harassers
Thus, a positive response was made to the campaign launched by the investigation
This project was published in the first time on october 2018, in the Egyptian newspaper ALMAQUAL, than it was published for the second time in the Lebanese Media DARAJ in Mars 2019.
This project has also attracted the attention of international organizations concerned with investigative journalism like the Global Investigative Journalism Network, and which published it in late 2019
Source and methodology
خولة بوكريم: 25 بالمائة من الصحفيات تعرضو للتحرشPubliée par Radio Ifm sur Mercredi 7 novembre 2018